Edward Personal Preference Schedules
Written by Fouzia Sultana
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
Edward personal preference schedules is a personality test introduced by Allen L. Edward in 1953 first time and second time revised in 1954 and then last time in 1959. This schedule consist of pairs of statement about things in a person may or may not like; about ways in which you may or may not feel. Edwards, the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) is a forced choice, objective, non-projective personality inventory. The target audience in between the ages of 16-85 and takes about 45 minutes to complete. Edwards, who revolutionized psychology research with novel statistical techniques, derived the test content from the human needs system theory proposed by Henry Alexander Murray, which measures the rating of individuals in fifteen normal needs or motives. The Edward Personal Preference Schedules (EPPS) was designed to illustrate relative importance to the individual of several significant needs and motives. it is useful in counseling situations when responses are reviewed with the examinee.
American psychologist Henry Murray developed a theory of personality that was organized in terms of motives, presses, and needs. Murray described a needs as a potentiality or readiness to respond in a certain way under certain given circumstances.
Theories of personality based upon needs and motives suggest that our personalities are a reflection of behaviors controlled by needs. While some needs are temporary and changing, other needs are more deeply seated in our nature. According to Murray, these psychogenic needs function mostly on the unconscious level, but play a major role in our personality. The Personality Research Form and the Jackson Personality Inventory are also structured personality tests based on Murray’s theory of needs but were constructed slightly different than the EPPS in hopes to increase validity.
There are 15 variables in Edward Personal Preference Sechdule and total no. of questions are 225.