Written By Arooj Makki
Government College University Lahore
Positive psychology shares a strong connection with clinical psychology and overall mental health. This is because one of positive psychology’s goal is to focus on what is right about a person and how those traits can be increased. The desired result being a happier, more fulfilled life which is a positive perspective of psychology.
- Learned Optimism
This technique was pioneered by Martin Seligman in the 1990’s. Learned Optimism targets a person’s negative cognition’s and systematically replaces them with more positive affirmations. Eventually, the person will be thinking more optimistically than they had before. Clinicians use techniques based on cognition in therapy to combat conditions. From the clinicians’ standpoint, they try to heighten a client’s coping skills to decease helplessness. The difference here is that the coping is the key focus and the life fulfillment is secondary.
- Positive Psychotherapy
In which positive behavioral approaches are combined with the world of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy seeks to reduce the negative functioning of a client. Positive Psychotherapy adds one step onto the process. Instead of just reducing symptoms, positive psychotherapy works on increasing a person’s positive emotions and behaviors.
Positive Perspective of Psychology and Clinical Psychology encourage people to engage in states of flow. According to research done by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, a leading positive psychologist, flow is unique to each person; however, the people who experience flow report similar characteristics.
- Stress Management
One of the themes of positive psychology is to find what is right for a person. This means not only encouraging coping skills, but developing positive emotions and behaviors that can improve overall happiness, too. This is largely important because moods that correspond with negative emotions bring about negative feedback for the body.
Positive psychology encourages a phenomenon called engagement. Engagement is engaging in socialization. It is one of the pillars upon which Dr. Seligman based positive psychology on.